The city is also known as one of the world’s largest centers for gemstone cutting and polishing. Around 80-85 percent of the Emeralds worldwide are cut in Jaipur. The industry here is over 300 years old. That’s why gems stones of Jaipur are famous all over the world for their originality and integrity.
India is country of gems & Jewels. Before British rule it was richest country in the world. It was known as Golden Bird. In the National Museum, New Delhi (India) a female skeleton of 2500 BC on display wears a bangle on her left hand dated back to Harappa civilization. Jewelry is a symbol of self respect and pride. It associated with a basic human instinct.
India was the first country to mine diamonds, with some mines dating back to 296 BC. India traded the diamonds, realizing their valuable qualities. The famous Indian jewelry was developed in Gupta period or in Mughal period. It was the most significant period of time in relation to jewelry. A lot of jewelers prospered from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century. Jewelry had great status with India’s royalty; Even though the majority of the Indian population wore jewelry.
1927 King JaiSingh II built the Jaipur; it is still known as one of the earliest planed city in the world. Basically it’s a trade center built on grid system which is modern principal of architecture for town planning. Now Jaipur is capital of desert part of India which is known as Rajasthan. In this dry land they have no option in agriculture to flourish their wealth. King JaiSingh vision the future in business and trade, Due to this reason he develop the first planned trade center. In Jaipur he developed the main market for jewelry which still known as Johari bazaar (Jewelers market). All together Jaipur were known for 36 different crafts. Jaipur known as City of Gems.
Rajasthan is a land of rich deposits of precious and semi precious stones. There are many stones like Emerald, Garnets, Agate Amethyst, Lapis Lazuli, Topaz, and Rubies. According to Indian astrological system, various gems represent nine planets and have inherent power. Jaipur has skilled gem cutters who carve the stones into exquisite shapes; sometimes they also carve little animals and birds from crystal, Jade and Smoky Topaz. You can also trace Buttons, Amethyst Intaglio beads and crystal scent
bottles, which confirms the royal taste of Jaipur. The city is also known as one of the world’s largest centers for gemstone cutting and polishing. Around 80-85 percent of the Emeralds worldwide are cut in Jaipur. The industry here is over 300 years old. That’s why gems stones of Jaipur are famous all over the world for their originality and integrity.
Why India have Hugh demand for jewelry -
1- According to Hindu belief, gold and silver are considered as sacred metals. Gold is symbolic of the warm sun, while silver suggests the cool moon. Both are the quintessential metals of Indian jewelry. Pure gold does not oxidize or corrode with time, which is why Hindu tradition associates gold with immortality.
2- Dowry tradition – At the time of marriage daughter take her part from ancestral property. Family gives her as form of gold jewelry. Its work as her social security. With time gold remain her prices.
3- Symbol of Marriage – Jewelry is essential for a hindu marriage. Where some of the ornaments are necessary for bride like Mangal Sutra (Gold Necklace) (Waist-Belt) and Bodla (ornament to decorate forehead) , Judamani (Hairclip), Baajuband (Armlet), Tagdi etc.
4- According to Hindu astrology gems stones have healing power.
5- Symbol of status – How much gold a family give to their daughter, it is count as symbol of status for the family.
Why Jaipur produces superior quality in Jewelry
Since King JaiSingh’s time still around 25000 craftsmen working in jewelry industry. They all trained from their family tradition. This art is not possible to learn from a school it only come from father to son with the family secretes.
Due to the Indian cast system one community were doing one profession since generation and generation. Quality of skills rises out of imagination. Every craftsman tries to become a courts craft person that led them to produces best quality among the masters.
Now there workshop is littered with piles of cut and polished precious stones from the rich lands of Kenya, Madagascar and Burma. These stones are cut, polished and drilled using traditional methods, improved by master craftsmen over centuries. Barefoot craftsmen sit on pure white cushions and sometimes spend days working on just one stone. Ensuring that once it leaves their hands, it is flawless. And fit to create some awe-inspiring, jaw-dropping jewelry pieces.
These craftsmen have mastered the craft in varied styles. From rich Mughal Kundan style from an era long gone by to modern subtlety, they can give a piece the look you desire. Needless to say they are veterans in the art of gold-enameling, a style Jaipur craftsmen are renowned for.
Hence it is of little surprise that Jaipur jewelry has found an enviable place at Barneys New York and the New York Metropolitan Museum. Japer’s craftsmen are truly, the masters of the trade.
Type of jewelry in Jaipur
Jaipur is famed for its variety and designs of jewelry. This pink city will offer you the best of the royal jewelry. There are many types of ornaments which you will find exclusively in Jaipur. Here, jewelry of Jaipur is not complete. Beautiful Jewelry made of Basra pearl also makes a popular choice of Jaipur. There are different kinds of work in Jaipur, out of them Meenakari work and Kundan work are the most famous -
Kundan Meena Jewelry - Kundan is the literal Marwari translation of 24K Pure Gold, which when united on a piece of jewelry, make a handcrafted piece of art where craftsman beaten sheets of pure gold with very fine hands. Sheets were hammered together in form of cups or holders or containers to hold the diamond. Each 'cup' was filled with a natural glue like blackish colored substance called 'lac'(Plant gum). This was then covered by a very fine film of pure silver which was used simply to cover the lac and gave a background to the diamond to make it look a bit shiny. The diamond was then 'pressed' in the lac and the edges of the cup were gently pressed onto the edges to secure the stone in place. Once the lac dried up, it would harden thus holding the stone in place.To give a well groomed finish, the reverse side of the products was beautifully decorated by a technique called meenakari or minakari, known as Kundan Meena. These 2 arts were combined during the Reign of the Kingdoms in India, & later flourished during the Mughal reign in India, which proliferated as the now famous Kundan Meena Jewelry.
POLKI Jewelry - At the time when very little was known about diamonds and imitations, every stone which was set in this technique fell into the category of 'kundan', but eventually, instead of diamonds some artisans started using glass in their products. Rubies, emeralds, sapphire and semi precious stones were already being set in the kundan form of jewelry. To add color to the products, enamel work was done wherever required which made it more appealing and better finished.
Problems - The struggle for existence for the trade accentuated during the world war when there was shortage of imported material. The appearance of synthetics gave a fresh impetus to the trade and it was able to revive quickly and attain its past glory. It is due to the growth of foreign market and many of the crises the trade faced. It was clearly manifested to every partner in the trade whether a cutter or a broker that they should stand united under a single banner and thus the necessity to pay more attention to the appeals for united action.